Liver Cirrhosis Treatment
Liver Cirrhosis or Liver scarring is the poor functioning of the liver which can be observed at the chronic liver disease later stages. The disease is can be due to the exposure to toxic substances for a longer duration. Mostly it is due to alcohol or viral infections.
The blood plays a very important role in the body functioning such as purifying blood by removing toxins like alcohol and bacteria and storing the vitamins for later use of the body.
Cirrhosis formation process
Our liver has the ability to regenerate the cells which get destroyed or damaged. However, when the factors which cause this damage such as alcohol, bacteria and others continue to damage the liver for a long time, then cirrhosis develops. Due to this, the liver becomes injured and scarred. As a result, it becomes not able to perform properly.
It also gets shrink and hard. Hence, the nutrient-rich blood founds it difficult to flow into the liver from the portal vein. The portal vein transforms the blood from the digestive organs to the liver. When the blood doesn’t get easily transport to the liver, the pressure in the portal vein increases and the end result is serious hypertension i.e very high blood pressure.
The most prevalent cause of liver cirrhosis is excessive alcohol consumption and hepatitis C infection. Obesity can be the third important reason. In women, more than 2 drinks of alcohol regularly over the year can cause liver cirrhosis and in men, the drinks count to 3.
The other causes can be:
- Hepatitis B & D
- Inflammation by an autoimmune disease
- Damage in the bile ducts
As mentioned above, the first symptom is the inability of the liver to purify the blood, filtering out the toxins. The other symptoms can be:
- Appetite Loss
- Bleeding in nose
- Spider veins
- Weight loss
Serious symptoms can be:
- Swelling in abdomen
- Swelling in legs
Liver Cirrhosis Treatment:
Firstly you should make certain lifestyle changes, for the ease of symptoms and betterment. The essential changes required are:
- Stop consuming alcohol if the disease is alcohol-related
- In the case you are obese, try to lose weight
- Do exercise regularly
- Try to not get infections by any means and maintain good hygiene
You can also follow certain dietary changes, as malnutrition can also be the reason of liver cirrhosis. Some of them are:
- Reducing the salt in your diet can help in reducing the risk of developing swelling in legs and stomach
- Instead of taking large meals break them into 3 or 4 small meals.
As the lifestyle changes alone wouldn’t be sufficient for the treatment, hence the doctor will prescribe you certain medicines. The medicine will depend on the particular cause of liver damage such as if you have viral hepatitis, then anti-viral medical will be prescribed.
In ultimate critical conditions, the only option left is of liver surgery. when the liver ceases to function. A part of the liver is replaced with the healthy liver of the donor. In fact, cirrhosis is one of the most common reasons for liver transplant.
Minimally invasive treatment:
As per Dr Nikhil Bansal, earlier, to treat the liver cirrhosis, patients need to undergo a long surgery in which two abdominal veins were tied together for reducing the bleeding and pressure.
However, with the advancement in the treatment, now firstly imaging techniques are used to diagnose the disease and its severity. Dr Nikhil Bansal recommend the advanced interventional radiology treatment for this disease.
Now with interventional radiology, the radiologist will place stents through a tiny incision in the neck by using imaging techniques. The treatment is minimally invasive and the patient has to experience very less pain.
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