Aortic Aneurysm results when the walls of an artery get weak and result in the abnormal large bulge. The bulge can be responsible for the rupture and bleeding inside the artery. An aortic aneurysm can occur in any part of the but it mostly happens in:
There are certain factors which have been found responsible for the aneurysm, however exact cause is still unclear.
The tissues that get damaged inside the arteries plays a definite role. Blockages due to fatty deposits can also be a reason. The blockages can cause the heart to work harder for pushing the blood against them.
Atherosclerosis is the disease in which a plaque gets buildup inside the arteries. This substance is quite hard and blocks the flow of blood. People suffering from atherosclerosis have good chances to get an aortic aneurysm.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a vital reason for aortic aneurysm. If the blood pressure is above the normal rate, then it can enlarge and weaken the arteries.
Aortic aneurysm begins very slowly. At the initial phase, you wouldn’t even observe the symptoms. As they progress, the chances of rupture get also increase. The ruptured aneurysms symptoms are:
- Rapid heart rate
The common risk factors for the aneurysm are:
- Age above 60
- Family history of Aneurysms
In an aortic aneurysm, the treatment criteria are needed to decide. If the size of the aorta becomes double of the normal size then the treatment is needed else there will be a risk of the rupture of it.
For Thorax size should be more than 5.5cm.
For aneurysm size should be more than 5 cm.
In some cases, even patients with the small size of aneurysm require the treatment. In females particularly, presence of elements like calcium, plus other symptoms along with bulge and an infective aneurysm may require early treatment.
Firstly, the doctor will recommend you to adopt certain lifestyle changes such as:
- Quitting Smoking for slowing down the growth of the aneurysm
- Healthy heart food for helping lowering down the blood pressure or high blood cholesterol
- Don’t get stress out as it will increase BP, avoid heavy exercises and physical activities.
If you have been diagnosed with aortic aneurysm then you must consult your doctor immediately. Dr Nikhil Bansal, an expert in aortic aneurysm treatment, firstly controls the blood pressure, and tell the patient to avoid the possible risk factors.
The doctor will also prescribe you some medicines for maintaining your blood pressure, and other heart problems.
He recommends the minimally invasive endovascular stent-graft treatment for treating an aortic aneurysm. In this treatment, a metallic stent, in the shape of a closed tube is loaded on a delivery catheter. When it springs out at the location, it covers the aneurysm. It becomes like a new tube within the aorta. Outside the stent, the blood forms a clot while inside the stent, it flows normally. Therefore, the stent-graft excludes the aneurysm.
There are several benefits of choosing this treatment such as:
- No need for cut and open chest to deliver the stent-graft
- Only small cuts in the groin area are required.
- Less time hospital stay (4-5 days) in comparison to open surgery
- Easy to manage by patient
As per Dr Nikhil Bansal, being a minimally invasive treatment it should be the first choice of the patient.
Dr Bansal have great expertise in this complete procedure and treating an aortic aneurysm. He is an expert interventional radiologist and is highly skilled in providing various non-invasive treatments.
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